Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an emerging form of treatment offering encouraging signs in accelerating healing of musculoskeletal injuries in patients without subjecting them to significant risk.
PRP can be made in many different ways, from expensive commercial systems, to simple manual methods that can be performed by a doctor in their rooms. To date, there has been no “optimal” way to produce PRP, and depending on the injury being treated, different ways are likely to have different effects.
Put simply, about 50ml of blood is taken from the patient. It is placed into a centrifuge to separate the blood into 3 layers. The bottom layer is red blood cells, the top layer, platelet poor plasma and the middle layer, platelet rich plasma. The middle layer is collected, concentrated and then injected into the area.
Injections are done under strict sterile surgical conditions, with local anaesthetic and most commonly using ultrasound guidance.